Staying Healthy, Not Sick

April 12, 2017 9:00

Chapter Twelve: Infectious Conditions

This chapter included infections and how you can transmit certain diseases like STI’s. Some of the common ways you can transmit a virus or infection is too much stress, inadequate nutrition, a low fitness level, lack of sleep, misuse or abuse of legal and illegal drugs, poor personal hygiene, and high-risk behaviors. In our text it says that as college students, we have a higher risk because many of us live in close quarters and are under a lot of stress with little sleep and inadequate nutrition. Some risk factors that you can’t control include heredity, aging, environmental conditions, and organism virulence and resistance.

Antibodies are formed when an antigen enters your body. These antibodies are created to destroy or weaken the antigen. Vaccines are important because they carry a killed or weakened version of an antigen so your body can respond to it and kill it if you are further exposed to it. I personally think it’s extremely important to vaccinate your children because it eliminates diseases that should no longer be around like polio or the measles. Ways that you can reduce your risk of infectious disease are to limit your exposure to pathogens, exercise regularly, get enough sleep, stress less, and optimize eating.

Common bacterial infections include staph, strep, meningitis, pneumonia, TB, and tick-borne diseases. Bacteria are simple, single-celled organisms. Many times it is the toxins that the bacteria produce that are what causes a disease in humans. These diseases can be treated with antibiotics.

Common viral infections include mono, hepatitis, herpes, mumps, measles, and rubella. Viruses are small pathogens that consist of a protein structure that contains either RNA or DNA. They must enter the body and inject their DNA and RNA into a host cell, which then makes copies of itself. It is more difficult to treat viral infections with drugs because they commonly kill the host cell too.

The cold and flu are examples of viral infections. Washing your hands and keeping them away from eyes, nose, and mouth are good ways of avoiding a viral infection that are so common like these, along with getting the flu vaccine each season. The flu changes each year and mutates, which is why you get a new flu shout each year.

Antibiotics are supposed to help you with bacterial infections, as I mentioned previously. They are being misused a lot by improper use of antibiotics and resulting growth of superbugs, overuse of antibiotics in food production, and misuse and overuse of antibacterial soaps and other cleaning products. These all lead to bacteria growing more, which can cause more infections and diseases.

Sexually transmitted infections are diseases that are transmitted through skin-to-skin contact. They can be avoided by living a low-risk lifestyle and using protection during sexual intercourse.

My health aspect is to eat healthier, and although I haven’t been doing too well with it this past week, I do think I follow enough guidelines to lower my risk of getting sick. A few of the suggestions that an individual can do to lower their risk of getting sick is having a healthy diet, not stressing, exercising, and getting enough sleep. As a college student, I can’t say that I get enough sleep but exercising and eating healthy (most times) are ways that I can lower my chances of getting sick. Stress on the other hand is hard to get rid of, especially during finals, so I plan on working extra hard next week and even take some yoga classes to help avoid getting sick.

 

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